The understanding of ayurveda, yoga, and meditation is constituted within a broader understanding of knowledge of health and healing produced within the Hindu and later Buddhist cosmologies. Buddhist understanding of the body, mind, and soul emerge as theoretical and methodological developments on the basis of and in conversation with Hindu systems of thought, with the roots of Buddhism situated in conversations with Hindu thought. The origins of yoga and ayurveda can be traced back to the Vedic traditions of more than 5,000 years ago, developed through the oral culture of knowledge production, constituted in the practices of deliberation, refutation, conversation, and debate among Hindu sages, and first recorded in the treatise Atharva Veda.

Ayurveda, the oldest medical system, draws from a syncretic amalgam of Vedic knowledge ...

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