Indonesia is the largest archipelago island country in southeast Asia, comprised of approximately 17,504 islands. As of 2011, the World Bank lists the total population as 242.3 million, making Indonesia the fourth-largest country population in the world. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to 58 percent of the country's population. The Ministry of Health places the population growth rate since 2000 at 1.49 percent. Dating from the first census in 1961, the rate of population growth declined until 2000, when it showed a slight increase to the current rate. During the past five decades the age structure of the population has changed as well. In the early 1960s fertility and mortality were high, creating a large number of young people, with relatively few ...

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