In the late 1990s, a highly effective combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS became increasingly available throughout the developing world, including sub-Saharan Africa, which is home to the largest proportion of individuals needing ART. In the last decade, UNAIDS, the World Health Organization, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and the Global Fund for HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis (GFATM), along with others, have made major contributions to ensuring ART is both accessible and affordable to those in need living in low- and middle-income countries. In 2011, it was estimated that approximately 56 percent of those recommended for HIV treatment in sub-Saharan Africa were receiving it, with a significant number of countries in the region attaining between 60 and 80 percent coverage ...

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