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Creative and Lateral Thinking: Edward de Bono

Edward de Bono is renowned for his criticism of logical, linear, and critical thinking and for his range of thinking techniques to facilitate potential creative abilities that emphasize thinking as a learnable skill and deliberate act. He originated the concepts of lateral thinking (literally sideways thinking) and parallel thinking to distinguish the many techniques for deliberative creative thinking that he has developed from what he considers to be normal perceptions regarding creativity and innovation.

De Bono (1994) draws attention to traditional critical thinking as a judgmental and adversarial process and compares it with parallel thinking, which he claims emphasizes cooperative and coordinated thinking. Critical thinking, he says, has its foundations in a method of philosophizing, known as the Socratic method, first used by the ancient Greek ...

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