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Communitarianism can be considered as being a thesis about the social construction of the self; that is, the individual self cannot be understood as separate from the social relations in which it is situated. For communitarians as diverse as Jürgen Habermas, Seyla Benhabib, Amy Gutmann, Iris Marion Young, Martha Nussbaum, Stanley Cavell, Eamonn Callan, and Jacques Derrida, individuals produce—and engage in—social practices and public institutions in which they collectively and deliberatively advance their own aspirations, values, and reasons. To the degree that educational theory and philosophy subscribes to a notion of education that in the Aristotelian sense refers to a social practice of reasoning together, an understanding of communitarianism that emphasizes the constitution of the self and its situatedness in social relations is called for. ...

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