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Cognitive Revolution and Information Processing Perspectives

How do people learn, remember, and solve problems? Questions about learning, memory, and cognition have instigated an explosion of empirical research evidence, but building useful answers to these questions requires more than simply assembling a research base. Understanding human learning, memory, and cognition requires a theoretical framework for systematizing and interpreting existing research and for suggesting new research questions and studies. Influential theoretical frameworks in psychology and education are often conceptualized as metaphors (Sternberg, 1990), and advances in scientific fields can be facilitated by shifts in the conceptual metaphor underlying the dominant theoretical framework of the day (Gardner, 1985; Kuhn, 1970).

In the fields of psychology and education, the cognitive revolution refers to the shift from associationist conceptions of how the mind works to information ...

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