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Beauvoir, Simone De

The French writer, philosopher, and activist Simone de Beauvoir (1908–1986) is recognized as one of the most significant intellectuals of the 20th century. Her primary writings date from the 1940s and 1950s, although she wrote her first philosophical piece while still a secondary school student. Her often literary style contributed to a changed conception of philosophy in Continental intellectual life. Her writings included novels and plays, letters and diaries, and several volumes of autobiography, along with more traditional philosophical essays. Although still contested, it is important today that her philosophical occupation across these genres be emphasized. Beauvoir is best known for contributions to two philosophical arenas: existentialism, with its connections to phenomenology, and Marxism, and to a birthing of modern feminist theory. In these ...

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