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Technology and Society, Critiques of

A critique of technology and society is a systematic examination of the problematic relationship between technology and social change. Several sizable disciplines—including the philosophy of technology, science and technology studies, and feminist philosophy—regularly engage in this type of analysis. To complicate matters further, many educational theorists have discussed how school curricula should respond to the prevailing technological environment. Hence, it is impossible to encompass the full scope of critique in this entry, which will offer only a sketch of some of the most influential genres of critique that have emerged over the past 150 years. Adapting a classification developed by the philosopher of technology Andrew Feenberg, the critiques may be grouped into five categories: (1) determinism, (2) substantivism, (3) instrumentalism, (4) left dystopianism, and (5) ...

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