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Socrates and Socratic Dialogue

The historical figure Socrates is said to have lived in the period 470 to 399 BCE, in the city of Athens, Greece. Plato (427–347 BCE) immortalized his teacher, Socrates, in more than 30 dialogues, which feature the pedagogue in conversation with various interlocutors.

Scholars divide Plato’s dialogues into three periods. Those belonging to the early period were written before Plato’s first trip to Syracuse (388 BCE), when he was nearly 40 years old. These include Apology, Crito, Protagoras, and Gorgias. The middle-period dialogues were apparently composed between 388 and 367 BCE, the year of Plato’s second trip to Syracuse, and these include Meno, Symposium, Republic, and Theaetetus. Dialogues from the later period include Sophist, Statesman, Philebus, and Laws and were written between 366 BCE and Plato’s ...

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