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Socialization refers to how new members of a group are assisted by older members to take over or internalize the values and standards of that group so that eventually they will become functioning members of it. The initial and most important socialization experiences take place in the family, where parents are responsible for ensuring that their children are able to function independently in the wider social context, outside the protective cocoon of home. Socialization continues, however, throughout the life span as individuals find themselves in new settings, with some new norms needing to be learned—those of the peer group, the work place, marriage and family, and older age, for example. This entry will focus on primary socialization in the family, describing the various domains in ...

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