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The historical context of social reconstruction is set within the decades of the 1920s and 1930s. The excesses of capitalism, which included the alienation of workers, labor strife, ostentatious wealth, and inflated securities, all of which occurred in the 1920s, thundered to a halt following the stock market crash of 1929. Within this historical context, some educationists sought reform of what they believed to be a political and economic system run amok and one that perpetuated social inequality. The social and economic mess created by capitalists and those who supported them could only be ameliorated through a sound program of educational reform—or at least this was the belief of many progressive and social reconstructionist educators. The excesses of the 1920s and the financial crisis of ...

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