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At its most fundamental level, semiotics is the study of the meaning of signs, that is, how individual units (e.g., words, signs, symbols, discrete actions, etc.) come to have meaning and how specific meanings come to be assigned to different representational units. This most basic definition tends to suggest a linguistic focus, which is actually a product of the American branch of semiotics, influenced by Charles S. Peirce. However, as a study of signs, symbols, and signification, semiotics is applicable not only to language and linguistics but also to any field wherein the analysis of meaning production is relevant. This broader focus is the purview of European semiotics and the Paris School of Semiotics (École de Paris). Apart from Pierce, other influential scholars in the ...

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