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Self-Regulated Learning

Self-regulated learning refers to processes that mentally and physically active learners use to activate and sustain cognition, affect, and behavior to attain their goals. Self-regulation has been a recurring topic in theoretical and philosophical discussions of learning and instruction—antedating the rise of formal research. This entry will discuss the construct in terms of its historical background, the formative psychological research that has been carried out on it, and its implications for educational practice.

Historical Background

Consider the task of writing. Perusal of the biographies and autobiographies of successful writers reveals many examples of self-regulative efforts that are designed to improve their writing. For example, Benjamin Franklin described setting his personal goals and recording his daily progress in a ledger. To enhance the quality of his writing, ...

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