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Israel Scheffler (1923–2014), a long-standing faculty member at Harvard University, was one of the leading figures in Anglo-American philosophy of education during the second half of the 20th century, but he was also an eminent scholar not only in this domain but also in epistemology, the philosophy of language, and the philosophy of science. The two-way connection between general philosophy and the philosophy of education is characteristic of Scheffler’s work. At the heart of his philosophy of education is the ideal of rationality—Schefflerian rationality refers to the critical spirit and quest for reasons as well as to the competence and disposition to evaluate these reasons, and it has both epistemological and moral significance.

Philosophical Context

Scheffler’s philosophy of education cannot be understood properly apart from the context ...

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