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The educational ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–322 BCE) have been widely influential across the ages but since the 1980s especially so with regard to moral and civic education, and flourishing as a goal of education. Aristotelian ideas about practical reason and friendship have also had considerable influence in philosophy of education. This influence has been not only facilitated by a wider revival of scholarly interest in Aristotle’s philosophy but also shaped by the related emergence of the virtue ethics movement in moral theory and communitarian movement in political theory. This entry briefly reviews Aristotle’s life and works and then discusses the central elements in his philosophy of education.


Aristotle was born in the town of Stagira, in Chalcidice, between the Balkans and the Greek ...

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