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Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (ca. 35 to ca. 98 CE), usually referred to as Quintilian, was a respected orator and teacher in ancient Rome, and he remains an important figure today as the author of a 12-book treatise on education titled Institutio oratoria. Published around 95 CE, Institutio oratoria, or Education of the Orator, summarizes the Roman educational system of the time, outlining the teaching methods to be used from childhood through adulthood. With an emphasis on oratory and rhetoric (which he defined as the art of persuasion), the ultimate goal of the educational system that Quintilian prescribes was facilitas, or facility: The ability to speak effectively in any situation. Focusing on the essential skills of speaking, reading, and writing, Quintilian wanted his students to become ...

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