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Thomism refers to the philosophical positions and style of thinking to be found in the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) and of those who are influenced by his manner of philosophizing and his substantive positions on philosophical issues. Thomism, or more accurately, neo-Thomism, is a variety of Thomist thought revived as a result of its official recommendation by Leo XIII in 1879 in an encyclical (papal document) titled Aeterni Patris. St. Thomas’s system of thought and method of analysis are not, however, the exclusive preserve of those who seek to articulate and justify a Catholic philosophy of education. Thomism is also relevant to the work of philosophers who do not work within this tradition but who are prepared to engage in dialogue with it ...

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