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Pedagogical Content Knowledge: Lee Shulman

Pedagogical content knowledge, or PCK, as it is often called, is a construct coined by Lee Shulman (1938– ) in the mid-1980s to emphasize the importance of studying teacher professional knowledge, and teacher knowledge of subject matter in particular. Shulman defined PCK as a special kind of knowledge possessed by experienced teachers that constitutes a fusion of subject matter knowledge and the pedagogy appropriate for teaching particular topics. It includes knowledge about learners and how to represent subject matter knowledge in forms that make it comprehensible to students. According to Shulman, this knowledge distinguishes the subject matter pedagogue from the subject matter specialist; the former understands the subject in a different way from the latter. This entry first describes the intellectual context within which the ...

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