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Anthropology of Education: Main Traditions and Issues

It is generally said that the anthropology of education, as a subfield of the discipline, began with a conference bringing together some senior anthropologists and professionals from the world of American schooling. The proceedings of this conference were published in 1955; they were edited by George Spindler, whose leadership established the field. But it is also true that anthropologists had been interested in education from the earliest days of the discipline. As they noted the variability of human ways, they began to wonder how infants with the potential to learn any language or participate in any society transform into adults with specific forms of knowledge, habits, and blinders to other forms of knowledge. Depending on the theoretical inclinations of the authors, the stress was put ...

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