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The term multiculturalism as an approach to both society and education is of relatively recent vintage, although it inherits earlier traditions of thought about cultural pluralism and minority rights. Multiculturalism in society deals with normative and policy responses of recognition, support, and accommodation to ethnic, racial, religious, linguistic, and national groups, generally as minority groups within the borders of a given nation-state. Political theorists examine whether these accommodations are permitted by a proper understanding of liberal principles and, if and when liberalism and multiculturalism conflict, which approach should prevail. Especially in the United States, and more especially in the American world of education, multiculturalism is often taken to embrace a range of groups other than those mentioned. They have in common the experience of being ...

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