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Montessori Education

The Montessori education method is named after Maria Montessori (1870–1952), the first licensed female Italian physician who became known for her contributions to early childhood and special education. Having fought hard to be taken seriously in a male-dominated world that positioned her as only an attractive, graceful female educator, Montessori became one of the best-known women to contribute to contemporary educational theory. After opening her first school in 1907, Montessori devoted her life to promoting her education method and setting up Montessori schools in Europe, India, and the United States. Currently, there are more than 3,000 Montessori schools in more than 80 countries. This entry focuses on the foundational ideas and criticisms of Montessori education and considers Montessori’s legacy.

Montessori’s Educational Ideas

Montessori’s training in science taught ...

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