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International Student Assessment (PISA)

The objective of this entry is to describe the main characteristics of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)—a series of cross-national studies conducted since 2000 to assess achievement of 15-year-olds. PISA was initially developed as part of the strategic plan implemented by OECD to provide their International Indicators of Education Systems (INES) project with regular indicators of students’ achievement near the end of compulsory schooling. This entry discusses the reasons for the establishment of PISA, the target population and subject areas tested, the assumptions behind the tests, the constraints on interpretation of the results, and issues with the way results are reported.

In industrialized countries, a dramatic increase in enrollments occurred during the latter half ...

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