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Indian Religious and Philosophical Traditions and Education

Indian philosophy and religion will initially seem alien to the outsider. However, behind the initial strangeness, there are shared concerns and common issues that can help us see familiar issues in new ways. Indian philosophy and religion include traditions that have their birth on the Indian subcontinent (including present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal)—omitting the transplanted traditions (Islam, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism). Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism are major Indian religions; there are nine major philosophical schools, or darsanas. This entry introduces basic elements of Indian philosophical and religious thought and briefly comments on the value of Indian philosophy for contemporary educational thought. Due to space restrictions, it will focus on classical Hindu and Buddhist traditions, saying little about Jainism and Sikhism, despite their ...

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