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Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

Few thinkers in the history of Western philosophy are as important or as contested as G. W. F. Hegel (1770–1831). Slavoj Žižek has argued that there is a unique philosophical moment in the West in which philosophy first appears in-and-for-itself, or in which it rises to its own self-consciousness. This is delineated by Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (1968) and Hegel’s death (1831); philosophy before and after this, he says, is only preparation and interpretation, respectively. Hegel taught both in schools and in universities while writing his two great works, the Phenomenology of Spirit and the Science of Logic; many of his other books consist of lectures given at the University of Berlin between 1818 and 1831. The range of Hegel’s work—across aesthetics, law, ...

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