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Education, Transcendental Justification of

Transcendental arguments are basically philosophical responses to skeptical claims or arguments. Skeptical arguments are sweeping metaphysical claims to the effect that certain common assumptions about the world as ordinarily apprehended or experienced are either mistaken or (more commonly) without any possible rational foundation. Thus, for example, major philosophers have doubted that human agency can ever be (in any sense) free—whether (we can know that) there are other minds besides our own or, most notably, whether there is any external world of objects or facts corresponding to our apparent perception or experience of such a world. Arguments of a broadly transcendental character are a priori or conceptual claims—in other words, claims or arguments that do not depend on empirical evidence—aiming to show that such skeptical conclusions ...

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