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Social diversity—with respect to race, ethnicity, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, gender, social class, and various dimensions of culture—is important for a number of reasons. First, in a diverse society, it is highly likely that social policies, reforms, educational interventions, and the like will affect different groups differently—an intervention that benefits some groups may harm others. In this context, a second set of issues arises, namely, the contentious matters of social justice, equality of opportunity, and personal and community rights. Third, even social interaction in workplaces, organizations, and institutions is shaped by diversity—members of some groups are at a disadvantage when dealing, for example, with banks, school administrators, the police, or persons above or below them in an organizational hierarchy. Furthermore, the specific details concerning diversity ...

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