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The term distributed cognition was introduced by Edwin Hutchins and Tove Klausen (1998). The term refers to a general finding by Hutchins and others that it is useful to consider cognitive accomplishments as achievements of systems that include individual persons interacting with each other and with other subsystems. An analysis that assumes distributed cognition identifies something that is accomplished by a system and develops an explanation of how that accomplishment is achieved. Such an analysis can focus on information that is used and/or constructed in the activity that results in the accomplishment. By focusing on information, the analysis would be considered a cognitive analysis. By focusing on a system with multiple sources and sites of processing information, the cognition that is analyzed is a distributed ...

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