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The U.S. Department of Education (ED) is a cabinet-level department headed by the secretary of education whose mission, according to the department’s website, is to “promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.” ED’s historical primary functions are to administer and coordinate federal assistance to education, assist states and localities in their provision of education, gather data on the state of U.S. education, focus attention on pressing educational issues and challenges, and ensure equity and equal access to education. However, the federal role in education administered through ED began to expand beyond those historical functions with the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) and has continued to grow with recent programs such as the Race ...

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