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Teacher Supply

Teacher supply is concerned with entry into, exit from, and movement within the teacher labor market—that is, who chooses to teach (and where), who remains in teaching, and what factors influence these choices. Policymakers and education economists are intensely interested in this topic, as teacher effectiveness has been found to be one of the most important school inputs into students’ learning outcomes. This entry provides an introduction to research on teacher supply. It begins by noting the importance of teacher labor markets for education policy and describing the general approaches to studying this topic. It then briefly reviews the evidence on long-run trends in the quantity and quality of teachers and factors affecting the supply of teachers. Finally, it closes by describing recent policies intended ...

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