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Student Mobility

The term student mobility is most often used to refer to the movement of students from one school to another. Students change schools for a variety of reasons, and these can be used to distinguish between two main types of mobility: (1) structural mobility and (2) nonstructural mobility. Structural mobility refers to moves that occur due to the structure of the school system, such as when students advance from elementary school to middle school or when they change schools due to redistricting. Nonstructural mobility refers to moves that occur for other reasons, such as residential mobility or parents seeking out better schools for their children. Residential mobility can be precipitated by positive or negative life events (e.g., job promotion, job loss, marriage, divorce, buying a ...

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