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Special Education Finance

Special education consists of specialized instructional and related services provided to students with disabilities who are determined to be eligible under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This law dates back to 1975, when the original federal Education for All Handicapped Children Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. Renamed the IDEA in the 1990 reauthorization, the law provides a legal entitlement to educational services for children from birth through 2 years (under Part C of the statute) and of ages 3 through 21 years (under Part B). Under the IDEA, states and local education agencies are required to provide each eligible child with a disability a free appropriate public education and develop an individualized education program, a comprehensive service plan based on ...

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