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School-Based Management

School-based management (SBM), also referred to as decentralized management, community control, administrative decentralization, and teacher empowerment, redistributes educational decision-making responsibilities from a central government to the school level. In the United States, SBM entails decentralizing authority from the district or county office of education to individual schools; in countries that lack intermediary units like formal school districts, such as Australia, SBM shifts authority away from the national government to local schools. SBM is most often used as an education reform tool to drive improvements in student achievement. Through SBM, decision-making responsibilities are expanded to include a variety of stakeholders—principals, teachers, parents, students, and local community members. Most site-based managed schools vest the power and authority in a school-site council, which in some instances serves as ...

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