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The SAT is an exam taken by a majority of college-bound students in the United States and is an important criterion in college admission decisions. In the economics of education literature, individual SAT scores are a common measure of student academic quality, while SAT scores averaged across all students in a high school or college provide a parallel measure of the academic quality of an educational institution. This entry provides a brief overview of the SAT, explains its empirical and theoretical application in the academic literature, and outlines common criticisms of the use of the exam.

History and Overview of the SAT

The origins of the SAT, initially an abbreviation for the Scholastic Aptitude Test and later of the Scholastic Assessment Test, lie in the movement ...

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