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Pupil Weights

A weighted pupil system is a state aid system in which pupils are given different weights based on the estimated or assumed costs of their education program. Aid is allocated on the basis of the total number of weighted students. The system is also referred to as weighted student funding, student-based allocation, student-based budgeting, and fair student funding. Weights can be used to provide additional resources to children with specific needs and/or disabilities or can be used to accommodate variations in the cost of providing education at different grade levels. This entry describes the use of pupil weighting systems in school funding formulas. It starts with a short historical background and then provides examples of pupil weighting formulas in the states.


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