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Econometric Methods for Research in Education

Econometric tools are increasingly being used to study issues in education. The primary focus of econometrics in education research is to establish causal inference—to identify whether some factor, be it a student’s race, teacher quality, or a policy, for example, affects education outcomes. This entry provides background on various econometric methods that are commonly used in education research and provides a basic understanding of the benefits and drawbacks of each strategy. It also provides examples of particular pieces of research that effectively use each strategy. The entry begins with background on distinguishing between causality and correlation, then it discusses the “gold standard” strategy of the randomized controlled trial (RCT). Since conducting an RCT is usually not feasible for a researcher, the entry then discusses methods ...

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