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Data Envelopment Analysis

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a quantitative method, widely used in education as well as in other social sciences, to empirically measure the efficiency of organizations in producing their goods and services (outputs). In this entry, the first part illustrates the concept of production function, from which the definition of efficiency stems; then, the practical approach for the measurement of efficiency is described, and an overview of methodological problems is subsequently provided. A snapshot of recent developments concludes the entry.

The production of an output is modeled through the use of a production function, which is a mathematical tool showing the amount of input that is necessary for producing a given amount of output. In education, output can be thought of as students’ achievement measured by ...

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