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Many governments around the world have introduced school block grants to improve the financing and delivery of education services. These policies transfer funds directly to schools to be managed and spent by a school council or some combination of the principal, teachers, and parents. School block grants are typically part of a broader policy called “school-based management” (SBM) that decentralizes authority from the central government to the school level. SBM policies identify the individual school as the primary unit of improvement and rely on the redistribution of decision-making authority as the primary means through which improvement might be stimulated and sustained.

Most school block grant projects involve transfer of responsibility, usually the responsibility for school operations, from a school district or other central agency to a ...

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