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Adequate Yearly Progress

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)— the most recent reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act—established adequate yearly progress (AYP) as the primary measure of school performance for the purpose of federal accountability. NCLB requires that all students are grade-level proficient in English language arts (ELA) and mathematics by the 2013–2014 academic year. Schools are expected to demonstrate adequate progress toward this goal each year by meeting increasingly higher targets for the proportion of students who are proficient in the tested subjects. The U.S. Department of Education established the overall accountability framework for states to measure school performance, while state education departments decided how the criteria would be administered within each state. Separately, many states had their own state accountability policies; ...

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