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Birds

  • In: Encyclopedia of Deception
  • Edited by: Timothy R. Levine
  • Subject:Interpersonal Relationships, Interpersonal Communication, Moral Development

While most deception research in nonhumans to date has focused on primates, research on complex cognitive behavior in birds dating back to the early 20th century has provided evidence indicating the presence of deception. While the existence of deception in birds ...

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