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History of Deception: Ancient Civilizations

  • In: Encyclopedia of Deception
  • Edited by: Timothy R. Levine
  • Subject:Interpersonal Relationships, Interpersonal Communication, Moral Development

Telling the truth and lying are as ancient as humanity. Beliefs that “it is wrong to lie” or “deception is evil” have been expressed in many ways through the ages.

In the ancient Middle East, King Hammurabi (1795–50 b.c.e.) issued his famous code. The code was preserved on a ...

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