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Community justice is a concept that addresses how criminal justice operations should be carried out in areas where public safety is a major problem. A definition of community justice, provided by David Karp and Todd Clear (2000) is that it encompasses all crime prevention and justice activities that include the community in their processes and have as their primary goal the enhancement of community quality of life. Such initiatives include crime prevention, community policing, community defense and prosecution, community courts, and restorative justice.

There are two assumptions that are inherent within the idea of community justice. The first assumption is that within established jurisdictions, such as states or large cities, there are important differences from one community to another, so criminal justice strategies need to be ...

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