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The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (the Crime Act) was the largest federal crime bill in U.S. history, allocating nearly $16 billion for a variety of criminal justice programs. The Crime Act was particularly significant with respect to law enforcement, and specifically to community policing. The Crime Act’s community policing competitive grant program (the COPS Program) provided funding for 100,000 new police officers in community policing programs nationwide during a five-year period and more than $6 billion for related crime prevention programs. The Crime Act also created the federal Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (the COPS Office) to distribute and monitor the COPS Program grant funds. This entry provides information on the history of the Crime Act, its implementation and ...

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