Strategic planning has become a popular movement in the public sector since the U.S. Congress passed the Government Performance and Results Act in 1993. Section 3 of this act stipulated that all federal departments would have a strategic plan in place by September 30, 1997. Strategic planning has become a fixture of many publicly administered organizations, including law enforcement agencies. U.S. police departments have made significant strides in the past two decades in creating strategic plans for their organizations. In the context of police agencies, strategic planning is a process initiated by top managers that sets goals and identifies steps to achieve success, taking into account personnel and budgetary resources.

The community policing movement has incorporated strategic planning as a key element of its philosophy. Different ...

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