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Non-sworn personnel and volunteers are easily confused concepts in policing. Non-sworn personnel— who number about 370,000 in U.S. state and local law enforcement agencies—are permanently and regularly employed, either full or part time, provide vital support services to the sworn officers, and typically have their workplace situated within the stationhouse. Conversely, volunteers, while also providing vital and helpful services to the sworn officers, generally work for little or no governmental pay or benefits and are not regular, permanent employees of the governmental unit. Because the two are distinguishable, this entry focuses on non-sworn personnel and another entry in this encyclopedia addresses police use of volunteers.

The term non-sworn should also be construed liberally herein, so as to include those police agency personnel who are also engaged ...

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