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At issue in Wood v. Strickland (1975) was whether school board members could be sued for monetary damages in the context of school discipline and, if so, under what conditions they may be financially liable. In Wood, the U.S. Supreme Court found that board members may be sued for monetary damages in school disciplinary proceedings under civil rights law, particularly 42 U.S. Code, Section 1983, but only under specified conditions.

The Basic Ruling

As a case of first impression, Wood focused on the procedural due process rights of students in Arkansas who were subjected to long-term suspensions for the use of alcoholic beverages at school. On further review of a judgment of the Eighth Circuit, which indicated that board members may be liable for depriving students of ...

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