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Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) was the third of three significant Supreme Court cases, following Meyer v. Nebraska (1923) and Pierce v. Society of Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary (1925), that upheld the Fourteenth Amendment right of parents to direct the education of their children. However, because states had been made subject to the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment in Cantwell v. Connecticut, in 1940, Yoder also raised a free exercise claim. This entry looks at the case and the decision.

Facts of the Case

Yoder involved a criminal truancy charge against two Amish fathers who refused to enroll their children in public schools after they had completed the eighth grade in a one-room Amish school. The state of Wisconsin required, pursuant ...

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