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Video surveillance is the use of video cameras to transmit signals to a specific, limited set of television monitors exclusively for the purpose of surveillance. Traditionally, video surveillance camera systems were used in locations where security is necessary, including airports, banks, and military installations. During the 1980s, video surveillance cameras were first placed on school buses as a deterrent to prevent vandalism and avoid litigation with parents. The installation of video camera surveillance systems has become one of the more controversial trends in monitoring school security. A primary legal concern of the use of video surveillance cameras in schools is balancing concerns for school safety with Fourth Amendment rights related to student, teacher, and staff privacy.

The Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects individuals against ...

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