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United States v. Scotland Neck City Board of Education (1972) dealt with a legislative act that allowed a city to establish its own school district while the county system was undergoing court-ordered desegregation. At issue in Scotland Neck was whether the creation of the new city district impeded the desegregation of the county school system. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that implementing the statute would have created a new district out of an existing system in which 57% of the students were White and the other students were African American, while the other schools in the district were about 90% African American. The Court decided this was unconstitutional.

Facts of the Case

In Scotland Neck, the U.S. Justice Department instituted legal action to compel a county ...

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