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The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls (2002) addressed the legal issue of whether suspicionless drug-testing of students, pursuant to a board's student activities drug-testing policy, was reasonable under the U.S. Constitution's Fourth Amendment, which guarantees protection from unreasonable searches and seizures. In largely applying the test that it enunciated in Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton (1995), the Court ruled the policy was constitutional based on five reasons, as discussed in this entry.

Facts of the Case

The policy at issue required all students who wished to participate in competitive extracurricular activities to submit urine for drug testing and to provide school officials with a list of all prescription drugs that they took. ...

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