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At issue in Raney v. Board of Education (1968) was the adequacy of a freedom-of-choice plan in terms of its compliance with the mandate of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka II (1955). The U.S. Supreme Court, ruling on three related cases on the same day, found that the plan was not adequate to ensure the required unitary school system.

Facts of the Case

In Brown II, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered school boards in segregated school systems to transition to racial nondiscriminatory unitary systems. Raney involved a freedom-of-choice plan that a local board in Arkansas adopted in 1965. Prior to that time, the board operated a state-imposed segregated school system in a town where there was no residential segregation. The African American elementary and high ...

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